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Offline Perozai R!nd

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About Kech Turbat
« on: June 20, 2006, 12:21:04 AM »
Kech background
Kech, the land of a romance legend, has always been a place of importance for its geographical location. It has been, and still is, the centre of Makran region; geographically, socially, and politically. Known history of the area ways back to the time of prophet Dawood, when people entombed themselves to avoid famine. The area is said to be possessed by Iranian King Kaus followed by Afrasiab of Turan and then by Kai Khusrau, again an Iranian. Then there is a long list of rulers, including Lehrasp, Gushtasp, Bahman, Huma and Darab, to the year 325 BC when an army contingent of Alexander the Great passed through Makran, then known as Gadrosia, on its way from India to Macedonia. Greek historian Arrian has commented on the land, environment and people of the area. He found the climate very hot, the soil sandy and the land inept for human settlement. Afterwards, the area was ruled by Seleukos Nikator, one of Alexander’s generals, who lost it to Chandragupta in 303 BC. Then the tract of history is lost in darkness for centuries and in the fifth century after the death of Christ, we find the area being given to Bahram-i-Gor as a part of dower of Shermah’s daughter. An ascertained account of the area is found in 643 AD, when Islamic army under the command of Abdullah conquered Makran and wrote to the caliph Umar about aridity of the land. Arabs ruled the land one after the other. All the Arab geographers of the era, like Ibn Haukal, Ibn Khurdadba, Al Istakhri and Al Idrisi, have described the country as "for the most part desert". In the 10th century Ibn Haukal notices that the ruler of Makran was an Arab, Isa bin Madan, who had established his residence in the city of Kech which was half the size of Multan. According to a local legend, Muhammad bin Qasim also passed through the area on his way to Sind. Although many invaders, like the Deilamis, the Seljuks, the Ghaznivids, the Ghorids and the Mangols, conquered the land but mostly the local rulers, including Hoths, Rinds, Maliks, Buledais and Gichkis, exercised authority in the area as the conquerors had no intentions to stay here.


Punnu's Fort
Two regimes of local rulers, of Buledais and Gichkis, are worth mentioning here. The Buledais gained power with the rise of the Zikri sect. These rulers are said to be connected with the rulers of Maskat and were called Buledais in reference to the valley of Buleda where they resided. The Buledais ruled the area for more than a century up to the year 1740. In the last years of their regime they embraced Islam. The Zikri folk joined hands with the Gichkis who also were Zikris by faith. After complete take-over of the area, the younger branch of Gichkis took hold of Kech and Gwadar. The family feuds and internal dissension between Gichkis resulted in nine, either partially or fully successful, expeditions by Mir Nasir Khan I. It is said that the main motive behind all these expeditions, made by Mir Nasir Khan I, was to eliminate the Zikris as he belonged to (anti-Zikri) Muslim faith. These expeditions resulted in division of revenues between the Khan and Gichkis. Mir Mehrab Khan, grand successor of Mir Nasir Khan I, appointed Faqir Muhammad Bizanjo as his naib (assistant) in Kech to keep a stronghold. This naib represented the Khan in this area for more than 40 years. Afterwards local influential were appointed as naibs of the Khan due to ineffectiveness of non-local naibs. Foreign support and fragmented local population of Balochs gave the Gichkis super-ordination and they became Hakims (rulers) of the area.

The first Afghan war (1838-39) directed the attention of the British to the area. Major Goldsmith visited the area in 1861 and an Assistant Political Agent was appointed at Gwadar in 1863. Kech remained under control of the Khan of Kalat, through his nazims, during the colonial era however the British rulers had influence in the affairs of the area.

After the division of the Indian subcontinent into two sovereign states, Makran joined the Balochistan States Union in early 1949 along with Kalat, Lasbela and Kharan. In October 1955, Makran was given the status of a district of former West Pakistan province after its accession to Pakistan. On 1st July 1970, when ‘One Unit" was dissolved and Balochistan gained the status of a province, Makran became one of its 8 districts. On 1st July 1977, Makran was declared a division and was divided into three districts, named Panjgur, Turbat (renamed Kech) and Gwadar. Turbat was notified as a district on July 1, 1977. In 1994-95, the name of Turbat district was changed to its old name, i.e., Kech. Now the name of the district is Kech while Turbat town is its headquarters.

Kech has been very much popular for a love story of Punnu and Sassi. Punnu was a Hoth prince remnant of whose miri (fort) can still be seen near Turbat, and Sassi was his beloved. Many folklore have been written about this legend in all the local languages.

Topography Kech
Kech district is located from 25° -24¢ to 26° -39¢ north latitudes and from 61° -49¢ to 64° -31¢ east longitudes. It is bounded on the north by Panjgur district, on the east by Awaran district, on the south by Gwadar district, and on the west by Iran. Total area of the district is 22,539 square kilometers.

The district is mountainous in its character and the direction of the mountain ranges is from north-east to south-west. It lies between two important mountain ranges, i.e., the Makran Coast range, which separates it from Gwadar district in the south and the Central Makran range, which separates it from Panjgur district in the north. The elevation of the district ranges between 100 to 1400 meters above sea level. Most of the western part of the district is relatively at a low elevation compared to the eastern one. The Kech valley is well-known for it’s hot weather.

Gokprosh, an offshoot of the Makran Coast range, starts from Tal-e-Sar, due south of Oshap in the Kech valley and runs due westward to Baho Kalat in Iran, separating Pidarak from Shahrak and Sami, and Nigwar from Tump and Mand. It consists of a single ridge at the eastern end which gradually widens into the usual collection of parallel ridges as it approaches the western boundary of the district. Here the little valley of Kastag is found enclosed within it. Midway in its length, the Nihing and Kech rivers join at Kaur-e-Awaran and form Dasht river.

The Central Makran range is in the north of Kech. At the north-eastern end the main mass consists of a single ridge known as the Koh-e-Patandar but opposite Gwarjak in Mashkai this ridge bifurcates. The lower one forming a larger arc and running along the northern edge of the Kolwa and Kech valleys to Mand. Opposite Sami this ridge is called Sami Koh and between Kech and Buleda is known to the people of Kech as the Buledai Band and to those of Buleda as the Kech Band. The latter name is more common. Westward the range includes the area of closed drainage known as Balgattar and the valley of Buleda.

The major rivers and streams of Kech district include Dasht river, Nihing river, Basol river, Kech kaur, Gish kaur, and Kil kaur.


Offline Mir Alihan

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Re: About Kech Turbat
« Reply #1 on: September 03, 2008, 03:41:28 PM »
Baaz shar !!! Angatha  geshther materials o research loteeth..
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Offline Mir Alihan

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Re: About Kech Turbat
« Reply #2 on: September 28, 2008, 03:47:23 PM »
About KECH   

Spatial Population Distribution

In Kech, the human settlements are spread throughout the district. However, most of them are alongside the irrigated agricultural lands. Turbat town is the only urban area in Kech, while other important localities include Mand, Tump, Buleda, Balnigore, Nasirabad, Kalatuk, Pidarak, Hoshab, Niwano, and Menaz. In 1981, there were 343 (excluding 29 un-inhabited) mauzas/villages. The population of two individual mauzas was above 5,000 while 242 had a population less than 1,000. See chapter 7.3 for the spatial distribution of schools all over the district.

Ethnic Composition

The Balochs constitute an overwhelming proportion (about 99%) of the population in the district while the remaining include Brahvis, Pushtuns, Sindhis, Punjabis, and others. Balochi is the language spoken in almost all the homes in the district. This is a different dialect however from that of being spoken in Dera Bugti and Kohlu. Balochi spoken in Panjgur and Kech has more Persian words than the Balochi spoken in other areas of Balochistan. It has great variation as far as accent is concerned. Accent varies from village to village, even located in close vicinity of each other. Urdu is the second major language for communication in the area, mainly because of people’s links to Karachi.

Nature and Extent of Migration

Intra-district migration is minimal in Kech. The majority of the population is permanently resident in its villages. Seasonal migration is observed in the area to some extent when livestock farming communities of the district migrate to the date producing areas in the date harvesting season, from July to October. The considerable immigration is of the people who are coming home from Gulf after completing their service tenure and those of skilled workers from other parts of the country. International out-migration is of potential workers to Gulf states.

According to the 1981 census, the total number of in-migrants was 2,385 (0.6% of the total population). They were 18.2 percent in rural areas and the remaining in urban area. The male and female in-migrants were 67.6 and 32.4 percent respectively. The persons who had migrated into the district during the last 5 years before 1981, i.e., after March 1976, were 43.8 percent, while 26.3 percent had migrated before 5 years but after March 1971. The remaining 29.5 percent had migrated 10 years earlier. During the last ten years 1,030 persons had gone abroad – 348 from urban and 682 from rural areas and were still residing there at the time of census..

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Offline Mir Alihan

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Re: About Kech Turbat (kalatuk fort)
« Reply #3 on: September 28, 2008, 04:05:02 PM »
KALATUK FORT(KECH) 1700 AD...UNPROTECTED

A small port of mud bricks built in the village of  kalatuk by the local chiefs with two watchtowers probably in 1700 AD for the defence of village and cultivated lands.

http://www.worldcitydb.com/kalatuk_-3836980.aspx

http://www.worldcitydb.com/baluchistan_in_pakistan_state.html
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