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Balochi Literature بلوچی ادب
بلوچی زبان و ثقافت
Language, Culture, Tradition
Hassan Janan Badini
Balochistan, historical and social factors,
Topic: Balochistan, historical and social factors, (Read 728 times)
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hamid Ali Baloch
Balochistan, historical and social factors,
May 03, 2011, 07:42:36 PM »
Balochistan: The Hub of Tourism
By:Hamid Ali Baloch
The Province of Balochistan has a great importance in the field of tourism. Half century has been passed, but no attention was paid to this field. Lack of resources and lack of interest from both federal and provincial Governments, the key aspect of tourism remained un-progressed.
The Province of Balochistan has a lot of beautiful and lovely tourist places, but the basic infrastructure, repairing of roads and Highways, clean drinking water, education, hygiene and the basic facilities e.g. electricity are yet to be provided to the masses.
The province would be made a more attractive place for the tourists if progressive steps were taken from the Provincial and Federal Governments. The promotion of tourism not only eradicates the poverty and destitution in the Province but opens the doors of employment and brings huge money in this region. The present government is taking a little bit steps to promote the field of tourism, and in this regard, the year 2007, would be the year of tourism promotion, and it is expected that the government would take concrete steps to promote the concerned field in a backward province like, Balochistan.
Let us take a look on the cultural sites of tourism of the province of Balochistan.
1. HAZĂR GANJI CHILTAN NATIONAL PARK
Hazār Ganjī National Park is situated 20kms from Quetta City on the south-west of Hazār Ganjī, which is considered one of the beautiful sites of tourism in Balochistan. Hazār Ganjī National Park covers at least, 32500 acres of Hazār Ganjī area. Its altitude is 2021-3264m from the sea level. Mārkhōrs are the key wild sheep on the Hazār Ganjī hills.
Besides, other kinds of animals are also found in the National Park.
Basically, the word “Hazār Ganjī” means the “Center of Treasures”. Thousands of minerals are found in the Hazār Ganjī Valley, which are still to be explored. The valley has been used as a passage by the foreign invaders through centuries to enter in the sub-continent.
Harboi is the second largest center of juniper (Juniperous excelsa) forests and situated 45km from Kalāt City. The word “Harboi” is the derivation of “Her-bu” namely (different fragrances); whereas, the word Harboi denotes that the valley is full of fragrance of different herbs, shrubs, trees and medicinal plants.
When the multi-flavored plants come into bloom in the spring season, an unfinished smell spread in the valley of Harboi.
Besides , there is a rest house, a mosque and some houses on the top of the Harboi Hills, about which the common people guess that the rest house had been used by the Khan of Kalāt for his summer meetings, because, it has been a moderate place in summer season.
Thousands years old Juniper (Juniperous excelsa) trees are being cut down in Harboi, and being use as fuels in the daily life, because the basic facilities e.g. roads and electricity are not available.
On the other hand, flavored fragrances of medicinal plants and fluttering of Partridges over the sky make the scenes more beautiful, and enhance the attractiveness of Harboi.
Harboi is situated three hours distance from Khuzdar, 5hrs from Quetta and 7hrs from Karachi. The construction of Gandawah to Zehri road, and Khuzdar to Shahdadkot road made Harboi an attractive tourist place for the people of Larkana, Jacobabad and Jhal Magasi.
3. ZIARAT VELLY
The Valley of Ziārat is situated 133kms from Quetta City and its altitude is 2449m from the sea level. Juniper (Juniperous excelsa) forest is considered one of the biggest and oldest forests of the world and Ziarat is one of these places which have an old forest like this. According to some researchers, this forest is atleast 5000 years old.
Pakistan Tourism Department has constructed an eight-bedded hotel for the tourists at Ziārat valley to comfort the tourists.
Besides, Quaid-e-Azam Residence is the important tourist place of Ziārat Valley. Ziārat Residency had been used to be the rest house of the father of nation (Quaid-e- Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah), where he took his last breathes. The Ziārat Residency was constructed by the British government in 1882, and it was used as an office for the Political Agent of the Governor General.
At the distance of 10kms from Ziārat, the tomb of Baba Kharwari is situated, where, a large number of people come to visit his shrine. Along with the common people, famous Provincial and federal leaders have also visited the said shrine.
Ziārat is an enriched area for different fruits like, alu bukhara( plum ), shaftalu ( ), zardalu ( apricot ) and other kinds of fruits and flowers. There are lots of apple orchards, which are spread on an area of approximately 4416 acres. The cherries of Ziārat are very delicious and tasty.
There are other places for tourism on the outskirts of Ziārat, where thousand of people come to visit every year.
4. PEER GHAIB
Peer Ghaib is another place for tourism in the Bolan Valley, which is situated at a distance of 70kms from Quetta city, near the Sibi Road. A beautiful scene of a waterfall shows an interesting scenery, which comes from the hill side and falls in between the date-palm trees to make a water pond.
A huge numbers of provincial and foreign tourists visit this site of tourism. But lack of roads, and basic facilities, the masses come from different areas like, Quetta, Kolpur, Machch Dhadar, Sibi, Naseerabad and other areas, at the weekends and confront a lot difficulty.
Khajoori is another place of tourism on the vicinity of Peer Ghaib, where hundreds of people come to visit this area.
5. HANNA URUK
Hanna Uruk is one of the beautiful places of tourism, situated at a distance of 21kms from Quetta City. The orchards and flowering plants have been planted both sides of the Uruk road, which captivate the attention of tourists, who come from different parts of the country as well as from foreign countries too.
Hanna Lake is also a place of tourism on the way to Hanna Uruk, at the distance of 10kms for Quetta city. At the Hanna Uruk, whereas a little bit facilities are available, masses come from different areas to visit this place.
6. PEER CHATTHA NOORANI
The shrine of Peer Chattha Noorani is situated at Gandawah, the district Headquarter of Jhal Magasi. An everlasting water channel is flowing from the front side of the shrine, and the tomb of Peer Chattha Noorani is surrounded by the date-palm trees. The water channel (Siyāhāp), spread through the fields of the date-palm trees, while white and black varieties of fishes are also seen in the water channel.
The surrounding fields of Gājān and Gandāwah, and the vast land of the connected areas are cultivated by the water channel.
Its very interesting to note that, fishes of the water channel swimming to the frontward of a distance of one km, but turn back soon to the shrine of Peer Chattha Noorani.
Another thing which is to be discussed here is the shrine authorities have banned the tourists for hunting of fishes. The sceneries of outskirts of the shrine are captivating and attractive and these scenes captivate the inner feelings of the tourists. People come from Naseerabad, Jacobabad and other places of the country to enjoy a lot.
7. FATEHPUR SHARIF
Fatehpur Sharif is a religious center at the distirict capital of Jhal Magasi. The tombs of famous Sufi Poets of the area, Rakhel Shah and Chezal Shah are the key symbols of tourism in Jhal Magasi. Every year, in the month of March, the death anniversary of the two famous Poets is celebrated with full enthusiasm and passion. This anniversary is not only attended by the people of Pakistan, but a large number of people come from India to attend the anniversary celebrations.
The singers select the verses from the poetry of the Sufi poets Rakhel and Chezal Shah, and sing them a very interesting way in each and every night of the anniversary celebrations.
Temporary bazaars and shopping centers are managed during the anniversary celebrations to facilitate the tourists and pilgrims.
8. THE FORT OF MIR CHAKAR AND THE SIBI MELA(FAIR)
Sibi has a great importance in the history of the Baloch Nation and it has been used as the capital of the Baloch Kingdom in the era of Mir Chakar Khan.
The fort of Mir Chakar Khan Rind in Sibi shows the signs of bravery, courage, greatness and brilliancy of the Baloch people, but it is sorry state, that no one has paid attention to the fort. A few sympathetic leaders of the Baloch people have conducted meetings in the fort of Mir Chakar Khan, but when they became the part of the Provincial Government, till that time no steps have been taken to reconstruct or repair this old fort. The fort is in ruined and collapsed condition since a long time. A few days before, the present government has made a plan to protect the fort of Mir Chakar Khan. We wish that this plan may fulfill.
Beside the Sibi fort of Mir Chakar Khan, an annual Mela (fair) is celebrated at Sibi, which was inaugurated and founded by Chakar Khan the great. In the era of Mir Chakar the Great, businessmen used to come to attend the Sibi fair and earned a lot of money.
After the great chief Mir Chakar Khan, the Sibi fair was not suspended but continued till the British Raj and the British people took interest to continue it till today. Quaid –e – Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah used to attend the Sibi fair with the tribal chiefs. The fair of Sibi is still known to be the symbol of the Baloch culture. During the Sibi fair a gathering of local governments is arranged in which the representatives of the Provincial government take part in it to discuss the issues, decide upon them and to try to resolve the different issues. It is very interesting to know that, a huge bazaar is managed for selling and purchasing of different animals, in which the businessmen of the country participate in it. The prices of well-breeding animals, like the bulls of Bhag Nari type are very expensive and costly, which are very valuable in the international level. The best animal- keeper or owner is awarded different awards for the high breeding animals by the Veterinary department of the Province.
Concert programs are managed during the fair and cultural singers take part in it from the different corner of the country and entertain the audiences with cultural songs. People from different part of the country join the Sibi fair and enjoy a lot.
Hinglaj is one of the Hindu religious centers in the Hilly area of district Lasbela and 250kms far from Karachi. Hindus not only come to visit this religious place from the countryside, but also from India and throughout the world to perform their religious rites.
The temple of Hinglaj has a great importance in Hinduism.
Shah Abdul Latif Bithai, a famous Sindhi Sufi poet had also used to visit the Hindu temple of Hinglaj with Hindu pilgrims.
The area of Hinglaj is distributed into different worshiping portions such as, Ganesh Devata, Kali Mata, Braham Kunda, Tir Kunda, Maha Kali Kunda, Guru Naanak, and Anil Kunda, where the Hindu observe their worship and rites. Not only the common people attend the religious rites of Hinglaj but the governors and princes of the Indian states, such as Behari Mal, Raja Bhej Singh, Raja Madhu Singh, the Rajput prince of Jaypur and the Ramdev Ji also visited the Hinglaj Temple.
10. TOURISM AT COASTAL AREA
770km coastal belt of the Province of Balochistan has a great importance for the coastal tourism. God has bestowed a lot of attractive and heart-captivating scenes to the Province of Balochistan, especially to the coastal areas. The coastal areas everywhere in the world are of a great importance, and the governments are taking interest to promote this department with modern needs and facilitate the tourists according to their capacity, but the governmental authorities here are not paying tendency to this aspect. There is approximately ten places tourism at the coast of Balochistan, which could be made the tourist places of international importance. Currently, the coastal highway is under construction and the railway track is being planed to be spread it from Gwadar to Tajikistan. Gwadar deep sea-port has been constructed and it has been functioning well, but there is a need of tourist places in the coastal belt.
11.SHAH BILAWAL NOORANI
The shrine of the famous saint Shah Bilawal Noorani is situated at Tehsil Sarona of district Khuzdar. To approach this shrine, there is also a route from district Lasbela to Shah Noorani. A lot of Sufi songs have been sung in respect of the said saint. Pilgrims from different parts of the country come to visit the tomb of Shah Noorani, and a number of Pilgrims come from Sehwan Sharif by foot. In the Shiite community, the on-footed pilgrims are known as “ZAWAR”, who bear a distance from Sehwan Sharif to the tomb of Bilawal Shah Noorani. This distance makes wonderful sceneries for the tourists to enjoy a lot en-route to the Shah Noorani.
12. HINGOL NATIONAL PARK
Hingol National Park is situated 190kms from Karachi and consisted of 1650sq/km of land. The covering area of the Hingol National Park touches the districts of Lasbela, Gwadar and Awaran, and the beautiful hills of the Hingol area show comeliness to the tourists.
The park has different kinds of animals such as, thirty five mammals, sixty five aquatic and creeping animals and one hundred and eighty five birds are considered to be the beauty of Hingol National Park. The beautifulness of these animals is enhancing the attention of the tourists towards the importance of the Park.
The cool, beautiful and dense shadows of Daron koh of district Awaran, which is a part of Hingol National Park, is heart-captivating. Besides, Hingol River has played an important role for breeding of fishes and the water needs of other animals.
The Hingol National Park took a u-turn in 1988, when it was introduced to the Public of the country. The administrative body of the Park is consisted of a Manager, two deputy rangers, and eighteen game watchers. The Provincial and federal governments have taken steps to make this park as an international one.
A few days before, a statement was published in a daily newspaper that 2300 acre area of the Hingol National Park would be allotted to the Pakistani air force and a few acres for other purposes. The Hingol National Park authority has recorded its protest to the government against this action, but it is still unknown that whether the land has been allotted. Hingol National park is a beautiful piece of land for tourism and its partition for other purposes is unjust and meaningless. Such sort of actions is also injustice to the provincial government and negates the international law.
Besides, the above mentioned places of tourism, there are lot of other places which attract the common people of the country such as, the Valley of Khaisar at Noushki, Ornach, Peer Umar, Moola, Karakh and Purali at Khuzdar, fort of Punnu at Kech, the tomb of Sassi at Lasbela, the tomb of Hani at Sanni, and the tomb of Sakhi Miru Khan at Shoraan. The Karkhasa Park, Zendra, Faran, Tangi, Sandeman, Nari Gaj, Chotir , Lakh Pass at Quetta. Khojak Pass, Harnai Pass, Mehr Garh, the tomb of Mir Shehak and Mast Taukali, Band Khushdil Khan and the Hamoon –e- Mashkel are also the beautiful places for tourism, but it depends upon the provincial and federal governments to promote these sites of tourism.
hamid Ali Baloch
Re: Balochistan, historical and social factors,
Reply #1 on:
May 03, 2011, 07:45:11 PM »
RAJANPUR TO D.G. KHAN--BALOCHISTAN, BALOCHISTAN
Written By: Hamid Ali Baloch
The name Dera Ghazi Khan denotes that it was founded by the cousin of Mir Chakar Khan the great, Ghazi Khan Rind. The Mirwani sub-tribe of Rind ruled over Dera Ghazi Khan for approximately two centuries. The area of Rajanpur had been a part and parcel of Dera Ghazi Khan for centuries but Dera Ghazi Khan was bifurcated and Rajanpur was made a new district.
There are several tribes residing on the suburbs of Dera Ghazi Khan and at Rajanpur district, but they are the attached parts of the leading tribes, such as Leghari, Mazaari, Buzdar, Qaisrani, Notkani, Khosagh, Dreshk, Gorchani, Lashari, Malghani, Gishkori, Patani, Tangwani, Balwani, Rahmani and Jawar.
Dera Ghazi Khan had been a part of the Baloch Confederacy during the era of the Khanate of Kalat Mir Naseer Khan Noori, the great Khan of Kalat. In 1872, Raja Ranjeet Singh occupied the plain areas of Dera Ghazi Khan, but the Baloch tribal chiefs of Koh-e- Sulaiman became united and fought against the army of Raja Ranjeet Singh. The army of Ranjeet Singh retreated and went backward but the Baloch armed persons occupied the hill stations to protect their land. The Baloch people still consider the hills as their forts.
When the British army occupied most parts of the sub-continent including the Sindh and NWFP, a Jirga system was also implemented for the Baloch tribes of Koh-e- Sulaiman. Meanwhile, the English army constructed a fort in Fort Monroe to make a strategy to occupy the hills of Koh-e- Sulaiman. In Fort Monroe, a Jirga Hall was being constructed for the Balochs of Dera Ghazi Khan, Dera Bugti, Kohlu and Barkhan.
The chief tribal leaders reconciled with the English army taking bribes and each tribal leader made an administrative force for themselves that is called Border Military Force. In 1954, the Deputy Commissioner has issued an order to the boot-licker tribal chiefs of English era to sign an agreement of annexing the Dera Ghazi Khan area in to Punjab, but the tribal chief Sardar Manzoor Ahmad Qaisrani rejected this decree from the Deputy Commissioner, meanwhile some other tribal chiefs signed the agreement in fear, because they did not want to lose their land which were in Mian Chunnu, Punjab. These properties were rewarded to the chiefs of Koh-e- Sulaiman by the British men and in return the British men divided the area of Dera Ghazi Khan into two administrative portions, which was called tribal and settled areas.
The Koh-e- Sulamian area was considered as tribal area and it was also called as de-excluded area. The total population of Koh-e- Sulaiman, which covers 2500sq/miles of the Koh-e- Sulamian area, speaks Balochi Language, on the Plain areas the population is mixed up into Balochi and Saraiki or Lahenda. The Koh-e- Sulaiman area of Dera Ghazi Khan has neither been a part of Raja Ranjeet Singh’s rule nor the part of British rule. God has bestowed an enrichment of oil and gas stock to this part of land. This may be the second enriched area for oil and gas after Sui of Balochistan.
The areas of Qaisrani tribe, which are called Dhodark, Rodo and Apiband, where a huge stock of crude oil and gas have been explored and these are being used in the factories and Industries of Punjab, but the local people are deprived of this wealth. Besides, a huge number of Uranium, Gypsum, Cement which are the key wealth of Dera Ghazi Khan, but Punjab is enjoying these natural resources in its industries.
Some of the high-handed persons have stressed the government to annex the enriched areas of natural resources of Koh-e- Sulaiman to the Saraiki belt and make a new province. It’s a sorry state that the Baloch nationalist leaders are entirely unaware of the historical, geographical, defense and lingual importance of Dera Ghazi Khan, because Balochistan is itself suffering a lot in this scenario and they can not listen to the voices of their brothers of Dera Ghazi Khan. The Balochs of Dera Ghazi Khan have been the part and parcel of the Baloch National Movement, whether it may be in the shape of Haidarabad conspiracy case, or the case of Mir Ghous Bakhsh Bezenjo, either it be the case of Nawab Khair Bakhsh Murree or Sardar Atta Ullah Mengal, in each and every moment the Balochs of Dera Ghazi Khan have been the part of Baloch National Movement and still supporting their brothers of Balochistan morally.
Sardar Akhtar Jan Mengal has pointed out that the Baloch will never quit or give up the area of Dera Ghazi Khan. The tribal chief of Qaisrani tribe and the minister of Punjab Assembly, Mir Badshah Qaisrani delivered his speech in the Punjab Assembly and expressed his thoughts that if there would be a province of Saraiki speaking people, the area of Dera Ghazi Khan will never be the part of Saraiki Province, because the Baloch have their own national identity, a vast geography, history and a language from thousand of years and the Dera Ghazi Khan will remain a part of Balochistan.
He has threatened the supporters of the Saraiki province that if there is an idea for a Saraiki Province, then the Saraikis should not forget the history of the Baloch Nation.
Ironically, some high authorities from Punjab have boosted up slogans for a Saraiki province to destabilize Balochistan and the Baloch people, because Baloch are suffering a lot in their own province.
Today, the Baloch nation is facing a catastrophic loss and some boot-licker leaders of the Baloch People are in the hidden camps of the enemy to destabilize the Baloch People. It’s a hard time and a challenge for the Baloch leaders to understand the grievances of the Baloch people and try to resolve them and become the part of the same body. It’s also the time to give the Baloch people a national identity on its own land.
hamid Ali Baloch
Re: Balochistan, historical and social factors,
Reply #2 on:
May 03, 2011, 07:48:54 PM »
Rīkī:A Renowned Poet
written By: By Hamid Ali Baloch
The land and plains are very vast and spacious in Chagai. The White Plains and black fields are spread where; there is no animal or human beings on distance of miles. For a drop of water, the heart beats and the eyes dry, but thirst never quenches. More than a half year, in the desert and plains, the dust and soil, fog and dusty winds are making difficulties for the humans. In the wide desert of Chagai, we can rarely see a tree. They are tamarisks and thorny trees. Therefore, the heat-strokes and cold winds are pushing the trees and the people of Chagai are also enduring the slaps of it. Several years of the hardness of famine, people are still expecting a spring season.
But the deserts and the wide plains, and the long, bared and pure fields of sands, the places of antimony-colored mountains are full of mysteries. The work of God is not wisdom less. This is wrong, that the black plains, the bald fields, the darkened rocks and the dried skeleton people of Chagai are created for nothing. This waterless and quenchless land, mountains and plains is full of minerals and treasures. No body knows and guesses that in the forthcoming days, how the shape of this land will be changed? Now body imagines that in the coming days how the future of the distressed people of this land will be changed then that of today? Come what may, but this is acceptable that the nature and geography of Chagai has affected the people because the life of people is not empty of mysteries. On this land, the people had been mysterious in the past. The bitterness and sourness of time taught them how to survive themselves in the ups and downs of life.
From this land, actually, intellectuals, knowledge-full, and enlightened thinking people raised up. And their fame rose up and enlightened, it has a lot reasons.
First thing is this, which Chagai is situated on the west and long border of the Indo subcontinent, which has been the transit route of historical nations. The Greeks, Turks and Iranian nations used to attack on the subcontinent from this route.
The attacks, quarrels, and threats of nations has showed the people of Chagai that how to survive in such sort of time. And how step forward the life through.
On this land, different kinds of nations came and went and laid multi-colored cultures and the civil life of this area has been developed.
These things improved the political awareness of people in this area. That is why; the involvement of the people of Chagai in the political and national movements has been a great part of it and they have done a lot of productive works.
In the field of literature and literary works people of Chagai has not been remained backward. They have also earned names according to their capacity in this field. The old intellectual, enlightened person and nation-loving poet Rīkī, was one of famous personalities of Chagai, who researched on the plains and desserts of Chagai and spread the light of light of pearls every where.
Riki is the poet of that age, when the tribal life was surviving. Everywhere the tribes were free in Balochistan. Every tribe was free and autonomous in its boundaries. They have passed the tough life of and gotten prosperity. Every powerful tribe had attacked on the weak tribes and encroach their fields. Lastly each tribe settled on its land and accepted the rights of each other. In the age of environment of peace and tranquility, the culture, knowledge, literature and poetry improved. Riki had passed his youth in such an environment. His wisdom increased and knowledge enhanced. He earned name in poetry and produced fame.
In this regard, the sub-continent was occupied by a foreign imperialist (English) power and came to the pure land of Balochistan to prey it. Each and every peaceful tribe did sacrifice their heads against the impure imperialists to protect their liberated land from the impure paws of the imperialists. But in this time, in the economical structure a class has been produced, where we have separated from its interests and benefits. This class has separated itself from the tribal bonds and seeking assistants for the prosperity to other nations after the deterioration and suffocating his nation to get back from it. And he will tighten his grip over the rights of the people of Balochistan to restrict the way of the nation where the people cannot approach further and do not lose the authority of this class.
Riki was a well-aware person of the Baloch nation. He was well aware of the fat encroachers of tribal system and the hidden problems of the nation, and embezzlement of the national interests. His main purpose of nationalism and loyalty was this, that to inform the nation about the evil doings of imperialists and the liberation of Balochistan. And calls the nation to rise up against the imperialists and get their liberation.
These words of Riki show that how his sense was so fast. How his thinking much developed. And how was he aware of the matters of his time. Riki knew that how the imperialists have the interest taking groups of Sardars and how providing the benefits and interests to them. And how they bought freedom of Balochistan and treasures from the Sardars. They have opened the way for imperialists and now they are constructing bridges form at Bolan. And they are passing their armies from passages, which stabilizes its power in the territory. Riki knows that the interests of Sardars and the nation of Balochistan contrast with each other. And they never meet together. Sardars, for maintaining their authorities and prosperous life, will always make alliance with such sort of forces and support them. Sardars took away the facilities of nation, therefore to loot the whites and blacks and treasures of the country. Riki was well aware of these things, and did not fear to inform his nation clearly.
Riki has told the Sardars and their sons ironically, that they are more intelligent then their forefathers. And there forefathers were the part of grievances of their tribes. That’s why, they were not yet rich. But their children have found the Englishmen and made them their kins (relatives) to support them for looting the national treasures shoulder by shoulder. Riki was on of the biggest learned men of his age in the Chagai area. The enlightened thinking of Riki shows that the nationalists and freedom fighters like, Riki, Rahm Ali and Mazar rise up and protect the nation from the lootings of foreign imperialists and Sardars and protect the national rights from deterioration and raise voice to maintain the rights of people.
Riki, Rahm Ali and Mazar have found a way which leads the intellectuals of Balochistan and the youngsters to protect the rights of their nation and this path always take them to success and achievements.
Balochi Literature بلوچی ادب
بلوچی زبان و ثقافت
Language, Culture, Tradition
Hassan Janan Badini
Balochistan, historical and social factors,
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