Author Topic: Techno Updates  (Read 3248 times)

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Offline Ahmed

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Techno Updates
« on: May 17, 2005, 01:46:12 AM »
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) has developed $100 laptops - just for the kids of developing countries to help them in their basic education. These would help the students a lot - it would help them reduce the cost of their education, and increase their creativity. It does everything a normal laptop does, but it is primarily aimed at reading and storing ebooks and using classroom software.

Just imagine the happiness of the poor students using these laptops :)

Heres the article from the main website that includes a q/a session with the director:

The MIT Media Lab is launching a new research initiative to develop a $100 laptop—a technology that could revolutionize how we educate the world's children. The idea was announced by Nicholas Negroponte, Lab chairman and co-founder, at the World Economic Forum at Davos, Switzerland in January 2005.

Here Negroponte answers questions on the initiative:

What is the $100 Laptop, really?

The $100 Laptop will be a Linux-based, full-color, full-screen laptop, which initially is achieved either by rear projecting the image on a flat screen or by using electronic ink (developed at the MIT Media Lab). In addition, it will be rugged, use innovative power (including wind-up), be WiFi- and cell phone-enabled, and have USB ports galore. Its current specifications are: 500MHz, 1GB, 1 Megapixel. The cost of materials for each laptop is estimated to be approximately $90, which includes the display, as well as the processor and memory, and allows for $10 for contingency or profit.

Why not a desktop?

Desktops are cheaper, but mobility is important, especially with regard to taking the computer home at night. Recent work with schools in Maine has shown the huge value of using a laptop across all of one's studies, as well as for play. Bringing the laptop home engages the family. In one Cambodian village where we have been working, there is no electricity, thus the laptop is, among other things, the brightest light source in the home.

How is it possible to get the cost so low?

    First, by driving the display cost below $25. We are exploring five different options for this, looking at possibilities such as projected image or roll-to-roll printed display. Projection is the primary candidate at this time, and will bring the cost of an approximately 12" diagonal display to below $20. Electronic ink, invented at the Media Lab, is another option.[/list:u]
      Second, we will get the fat out of the systems. Today's laptops have become obese. Two-thirds of their software is used to manage the other third, which mostly does the same functions nine different ways.[/list:u]
        Third, we will market the laptops in very large numbers (millions), directly to ministries of education, which can distribute them like textbooks.[/list:u]
        Why is it important for each child to have a computer? What's wrong with community-access centers?
        One does not think of community pencils—kids have their own. They are tools to think with, sufficiently inexpensive to be used for work and play, drawing, writing, and mathematics. A computer can be the same, but far more powerful. Furthermore, there are many reasons it is important for a child to "own" something—like a football, doll, or book—not the least of which being that these belongings will be well-maintained through love and care.

What about connectivity? Aren't telecommunications services expensive in the developing world?

When these machines pop out of the box, they will make a mesh network of their own, peer-to-peer. This is something initially developed at MIT and the Media Lab. We are also exploring ways to connect them to the backbone of the Internet at very low cost.

What can a $1000 laptop do that the $100 version can't?

Not much. The plan is for the $100 Laptop to do almost everything. What it will not do is store a massive amount of data.

How will these be marketed?

The idea is to distribute the machines through those ministries of education willing to adopt a policy of "one laptop per child." Initial discussions have been held with China, where there are approximately 220 million students (for which an order would drive prices way down). In addition, smaller countries will be selected for beta testing. Initial orders will be limited to a minimum of one million units (with appropriate financing).

When do you anticipate these laptops reaching the market? What do you see as the biggest hurdles?
Our preliminary schedule is to have units ready for shipment by the end of 2006 or early 2007.
The biggest hurdle will be manufacturing 100 million of anything. This is not just a supply-chain problem, but also a design problem. The scale is daunting, but I find myself amazed at what some companies are proposing to us. It feels as though at least half the problems are being solved by mere resolve.

How will this initiative be structured?

The three principals at MIT are faculty members at the Media Lab: Nicholas Negroponte (a founder of the Lab), Joe Jacobson (serial entrepreneur, co-founder and director of E Ink), and Seymour Papert (one of the world's leading theorists on child learning).

Four other Media Lab researchers are also involved: Mitchel Resnick, Tod Machover, Ted Selker, and Mike Bove.

Organizationally, MIT will host a consortium of a small number of companies of complementary skills to develop a fully working and manufactured laptop (50,000 to 100,000 units) in fewer than 12 months, with an eye on building about 100 million to 200 million units by the following year. Three initial companies who have committed to this project are Google, AMD, and News Corp, and the Lab is in discussion with several others. MIT also expects to work with not-for-profit partners, including the 2B1 Foundation.[/color]

Hope u liked this one

Offline Ahmed

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Techno Updates
« Reply #1 on: May 17, 2005, 02:29:49 AM »
Not a techno geek  ^o) - but still opened this post :>  Well dont worry, ill try to simplify stuff so that you can understand it - including pics - you know they speak thousands of words for themselves, so i dont rant n rave much  :x

Anyways heres a technology thats really picking up very fast, in a few years it will be something very common.

Its called e-Ink, something that you can say is a flexible electronic paper-ink combination that uses exterme low power, has got a very high degree of contrast and quite cheap.

Applications include -  :s anything that u would like to turn into a display, your jacket, watches, electronic notebooks - for school, u name it, the e-Ink comes up with a solution.

Some stuff from thier website, if u like read it, if u dont understand, go for the pics below :>

The Concept of E-Ink

Electronic ink is a proprietary material that is processed into a film for integration into electronic displays. Although revolutionary in concept, electronic ink is a straightforward fusion of chemistry, physics and electronics to create this new material. The principal components of electronic ink are millions of tiny microcapsules, about the diameter of a human hair. In one incarnation, each microcapsule contains positively charged white particles and negatively charged black particles suspended in a clear fluid. When a negative electric field is applied, the white particles move to the top of the microcapsule where they become visible to the user. This makes the surface appear white at that spot. At the same time, an opposite electric field pulls the black particles to the bottom of the microcapsules where they are hidden. By reversing this process, the black particles appear at the top of the capsule, which now makes the surface appear dark at that spot.

To form an E Ink electronic display, the ink is printed onto a sheet of plastic film that is laminated to a layer of circuitry. The circuitry forms a pattern of pixels that can then be controlled by a display driver. These microcapsules are suspended in a liquid "carrier medium" allowing them to be printed using existing screen printing processes onto virtually any surface, including glass, plastic, fabric and even paper. Ultimately electronic ink will permit most any surface to become a display, bringing information out of the confines of traditional devices and into the world around us.

now some pics. First Im just waiting for this watch to appear in the markets, Ive fallen in love with a watch :o  God I Need Help..

A Sieko Watch Based on e-Ink. An advice to all Balochs going for vacation from the Gulf - this watch is much more reliable than the 'Sieko 5" :mrgreen:

Next These Pics are of a X-Box Gamez DVD package, it brightens up when touched, the first pic is when it is not using any power. It is already in the markets, the future ones are supposed to be more dynamic with the pictures

And Finally, a large, dynamic e-Ink Chart Display for a Japanese Newspaper that changes text dynamically - gives u the breaking news..

Just say GudBye to Expensive non Affordable Plasma, Try to get a paper :P

Offline Alpha_baloch

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Techno Updates
« Reply #2 on: May 18, 2005, 01:44:38 AM »

Offline Ahmed

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« Reply #3 on: August 09, 2005, 01:30:06 AM »


Expected: 3rd Quarter 2005
Model : Samsung i300
HDD Capacity: 3 GB (with memory card slot)
OS: Windows Mobile 2003 / Windows Mobile 5.0
Estimated Price: $600-700