Author Topic: ::Balochistan Education Support Project  (Read 3272 times)

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::Balochistan Education Support Project
« on: December 24, 2008, 05:47:41 PM »
The key objective of the project is the promotion of public-private and community partnerships in order to improve access to quality primary education, in particular for girls. The project contributes to Pakistan’s long-term objective of achieving MDG Goals by targeting universal literacy, gender parity in education, and 100% net enrolment.

The project would not overlap other on going Education projects in Balochistan but would supplement these projects in attaining MDGs.

Justification and existing facilities: Balochistan has a population of approximately 7.8 million people i.e. 5% of total population of Pakistan but spread over 45% of land area of the country. Mostly the population of the province lives in small and dispersed rural settlements with only 24 % urban population. According to the Balochistan Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (2003), eight of the ten most deprived districts in Pakistan are located in Balochistan. While there has been some improvement in the enrolment rates in recent years, Balochistan continues to lag behind other provinces in education service delivery. Gross enrolment rates in primary education in Balochistan have improved from 62% in 2001-2 to 67% in 2004-05 as against an average of 72% and 86% respectively in the country.

Low and declining net enrollment in primary education: National survey statistics for Balochistan show that Primary Net Enrolment Rate (NER) has increased only marginally from 36% in 1998-9 to 37% in 2004-05 after showing a decline in 2001-02 to 32%. Over this period net enrolment rates have shown an alarming lack of progress for both boys (44% in 1998-99, 39% in 2001-02, 44% in 2004-05) and girls (28% in 1998-99, 24% in 2001-02, and 29% in 2004-05). About one quarter (24 %) of children at primary school age (5-9) years in Balochistan were enrolled in primary school (Excluding katchi class) during the year 2002-3. The net enrollment rate is less than 32 % reported in the PIHS 2001. As per MICS 2004 Balochistan, there is an absolute difference in NER for boys (28 %) as compared to girls (20 %).

Disengaged community involvement in Community Supported Schools: The declining figures mentioned above, are mostly due to the weakened performance of the Community Schools (which were the main source of enrollment increase, especially for girls, during the Balochistan Primary Education Project (BPEP) between 1994 and 1999. At the project end there were 1300 CSP schools spread over the province, with 60,000 girl students enrolled, which has now declined.

Limited participation of the private sector: According to the PSLM 2004-05 and PIHS 2001-02 private schools and NGO schools account for about 6% of enrollment in primary education in Balochistan, compared with 28% for the country as a whole.In Balochistan, Private schools have only increased from around 250 schools in 1993-94 to around 1300 schools in 2003-04. The vast majority of these schools operate in the urban and semi-urban areas. The expansion of the private sector into rural areas is limited by financial constraints of both the potential private school providers and the target population.

Poor quality of education: Poor teacher training, high teacher absenteeism, lack of textbooks, overcrowded classrooms in some schools and inefficient use of facilities in others, and outdated pedagogical practices have resulted in very poor quality of primary education.

Institutional and Financial Constraints of the Province: In 2004-05 there were 707,054 primary school students enrolled in government schools, and they were taught by approximately 22,000 teachers. The Provincial Authorities at various levels (provincial, district, local) are constrained to plan, regulate and monitor the efficient and equitable delivery of quality primary education, especially in the rural areas. In the areas with low population density, cost-effective delivery of primary education is very difficult and poses serious financial constraints on the Provincial and District Authorities.

The Key Performance Indicators are listed below, along with the expected outcomes by the end of the project period, in respect of project-supported schools:

(a) Total enrolment of students (Target: enrollment increased by 35,000, with at least 40% girls); (b) Average annual student attendance (Target: average attendance not less than 70%); (c) Average grade completion rate (Target: average completion rate not less than 70%); (d) Average annual teacher attendance (Target: average annual teacher attendance not less than 90%); and (e) Average annual increase in learning achievement in Language and Mathematics (Target: an annual increase of 3% and 5% respectively).
Information on total enrollment of students, average student and teacher attendance will be regularly measured and collected by BEF’s implementation partners and reported to BEF on a quarterly basis. Information on grade completion and annual increase in learning achievement will be measured and reported to BEF through the implementation partners annually. After verification, BEF will consolidate and report this information in their regular semi-annual Monitoring and Evaluation reports.