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Offline Zahida Raees Raji

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Baloch Women: The Real Custodian of the Baloch Culture
« on: August 05, 2015, 10:33:35 AM »
Annual Research Journal Hanken Vol.5,2013
Baloch Women:  The Real Custodian of the Baloch Culture
Muhammad Panah Baloch*Ejaz Ahmed


Abstract   

Culture is a collective means of achievement and of progress. Culturally rich Balochistan is motherland of ancient civilization and Baloch society comparatively presents a picture of tolerant, gender cooperative, gender-non discriminatory and human society from other neighboring societies of the region. Culture of a particular region consists of language, ideas, beliefs, customs, values, attributes, code of honor, institutions, tools, works and art, religion, law, ethics, rituals, fairs and festivals of a specific group of people. The status of women in the Baloch society has ever been of a great importance and impact. Here we give some glimpses of  the position and influence of women in the Baloch  society. Baloch women has the significant role in the promotion of culture in the shape of folklore, literature, dress, art, handicrafts, traditional food, indigenous herbal treatment from the early ages of a human till the death in the whole life  of any human being. Her life is symbol of Baloch culture.  She is real  founder, contributor and protector of the Baloch culture.   

Voyage of Civilization
 
   Balochistan is the mother land of the ancient civilizations. According to documents and literature, the name of Baloch and Balochistan is approximately 2000 year old.
Deputy Director ,Directorate of Culture ,Government of Balochistan Quetta
**Lecturer ,Department of Media and Journalism,UoB Quetta





Muhammad Panah Baloch at el

7,000 B.C. to 2,000 B.C. and it is the earliest Neolithic site where "we have first evidence of domestication of animals and cereal cultivation - wheat and barley - and also the centre for craftsmanship as early as 7.000 B.C. There are many historical sites across Eastern Balochistan (politically part of Pakistan), Western Balochistan (politically part of Iran), and Northern Balochistan (politically part of Afghanistan). The Burn City (Sutugendhor) in northern Balochistan is a unique archeological site and a prime proof of sophistication, engineering and planning. Evidence from these sites show a very clear deep rooted history of civilization, craftsmanship and exploitation. Amir Tavakol Kambozia wrote that Copper was first discovered in Balochistan. It was transported from Balochistan to present day Iraq by water-born vessels.   (Sangi-2009: 05/06). It is worth to mention here that gold buried in various tombs, and old settlements in Balochistan is reported. At presents many such gold deposits are being explore by the present populations. This shows that gold making was one of the technology in old age by the Baloch society. They normally used when they need it.  This also indicates that raw object was available in Balochistan. With the passage of time, this technology was fade away. Peoples' saying that very few local people has the access to this technology but its usage for them is highly risky for their life.   

      The earliest stone tools found in the eastern Balochistan at Kot Mondai, Marri Area, belongs to Acheullian Culture- an ancient primitive stage in human development. Similarly, stone (Hand Axes) of Mousterian Culture (100,000-40,000 B.C) have been found at Khokhar Kore, Lasbela region in the south eastern Balochistan in the upper Paleolithic period  (40,000-12,00 B.C), which is known to us  from the wonderful caves and rock-shelters paintings found in the Suleiman Range and its subsidiary ranges in the North-Eastern Balochistan. However, no material culture of the Mesolithic people has so far been discovered in Balochistan, except some engravings in the rock-shelters of Magdalenian  Culture in Zhob District. It is, therefore, all the more essential to fill in this gap in the human history of Balochistan (Gul Hasan at al 2011- 57).
   Balochitherium extracted from “the beast of Baluchistan” (Paraceratherium). In Dera Bugti hills World’s largest mammal that ever walked the face of the earth, 18 ft (5.5 m) tall, a length of up to 28 feet (from nose to rump) and weighed 20 tons, The head was four feet long, sitting on top of a six feet long neck. Almost as massive as the size of three very large elephants!  The fossils of world's largest and about 30-20 million years old land  mammal size of dinosaur was discovered in Dera Bugti in 1990. The eminent French Paleontologist Jean-Loup Welcomme asked the Daily Dawn  that   Prehistoric Balochistan can also be considered an exact place of migration of mammals coming from South East Asia on the road to Africa or Europe. Simply put, it could be called a cross road for African mammals. Amazing fossils of ancestors of elephants and lemurs also discovered in Balochistan, strengthened the hypothesis that many animal groups have Asian origins. We can assume that this place was an evolutionary highway for the kind of today’s many advanced animals. Surprisingly the French team discovered some
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